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how are oranges packaged and transported

how are oranges packaged and transported

how are oranges packaged and transported插图

PackagingOrangesare mainly transportedin cartons, standard boxes, half-boxes, wire-bound boxes and fruit crates made of corrugated board or wood. They are sometimes also transported in net bags.English:OrangesFrench:OrangesGerman:Orangen, ApfelsinenSpanish:Naranjas

How do you transport oranges for shipping?

Oranges are mainly transported in cartons, standard boxes, half-boxes, wire-bound boxes and fruit crates made of corrugated board or wood. They are sometimes also transported in net bags. Refrigerated container with fresh air supply or controlled atmosphere.

How is orange concentrate shipped?

Orange concentrate is shipped in tanker ships, road tankers and drums. For shipping in tankers, the product is typically kept at -8 to -10C. For drums, the product is commonly packed in 200-litre (55-gallon) steel drums with double polyethylene liners and stored frozen at -18 to -25 C.

What is the fresh produce logistics process for oranges?

Oranges and citrus fruits will often undergo cold chain process at the point of harvest as to lock in the cold temperatures and maximum levels of freshness. When packaged correctly and transported by temperature controlled vehicles, the fresh produce logistics are easily managed to produce consistently efficient outcomes.

Can transport and storage duration of oranges be extended?

Where controlled atmosphere transport is used, transport and storage duration may be extended. The following parameters apply in such a case [16]: Oranges are mainly eaten fresh. They are also used in the production of orange juice, preserves and jams or in salads etc..

How does citrus peel damage?

Chilling damage is manifested in citrus fruits in particular by spots on the peel (brown dots on the peel), accompanied by a bitter taste and unpleasant odor, rot and cell wall collapse. The glossiness of the peel is lost and the albedo layer (inner layer of the peel), which is normally white, turns a dark color. When the fruit is divided up, the segments, which have a low juice content, break up and the whole fruit is glassy and soft. The severity of the chilling damage is determined not only by the extent to which the temperature has fallen beneath the limit, but also by the length of exposure to this temperature. Chilling damage does not generally occur in cold stores, but instead prior to cooling or after leaving the cold stores.

What are the fruits that are easy to peel?

In addition to oranges, the group of citrus fruits, which are mainly cultivated in subtropical regions, also includes lemons, grapefruits, mandarins, limes and easypeelers. Easypeeler is the name given in particular to crosses between oranges and mandarins whose peel is very easy to remove.

How to determine ripeness of citrus fruit?

The degree of ripeness of citrus fruit is determined on the basis of three criteria: by the ripeness index : this is determined by the Brix value , which is a measure of the sugar/acid ratio of the fruit. According to [7], citrus fruit with a Brix value of between 10 and 16 have good flavor.

What is the difference between a blond orange and a blood orange?

Navel oranges are the most important variety of blond oranges. Blood oranges are subdivided into deep blood oranges (peel and pulp red) and light blood oranges (peel with or without slight red coloration, pulp red).

What is post ripening?

Post-ripening of green or unsatisfactorily colored fruit to achieve a salable peel color in ripening rooms.

How are oranges transported?

Oranges are mainly transported in cartons, standard boxes, half-boxes, wire-bound boxes and fruit crates made of corrugated board or wood. They are sometimes also transported in net bags.

Why is waxing necessary?

Waxing to prevent loss of aroma and weight is required because the washing process removes the natural wax layer. The film of wax sprayed onto the peel only partially seals the pores so that the fruits are still able to respire. Maximum duration of storage and transport is as follows: Designation. Temperature.

When is Citrus Season in Florida?

Florida’s orange growing season runs from October to June each year, which is reflected by the seasons for other citrus fruits like grapefruits and lemons. It’s not quite an evergreen growing situation. Nonetheless, the fact that oranges are harvested for nine months of the year provides a far more stable market than many other fruits and natural produces. This is one of the contributing factors behind Florida’s ability to produce more oranges than the rest of the U.S. combined.

How are Citrus Fruits Packaged for Shipping?

Once harvested in the correct manner, oranges and citrus fruits are usually packaged using net bags, corrugated board crates, wooden crates, standard boxes, half boxes, and wire-bound boxes. Those packages are commonly added to crates before being loaded onto the truck ahead of the next journey.

How is Fruit Moved from Farm to Packhouse?

Oranges and citrus fruits are blessed by the safety net of being turned into juices. Nonetheless, the farm to packhouse procedures still require a lot of care and attention. Farmers can start their winning practices by taking extra care of their orange trees and citrus crops, protecting them from insects, weather damage, and other problems. When the time comes to harvest and move the fruits, quick action is vital as even a one-hour delay in cooling them can reduce their shelf life by a day or longer.

How is Orange Juice Shipped?

A huge percentage of Florida oranges and citrus fruits end up in 100% juice products. They can be transported as fresh NFC (not from concentrate) or as frozen products. The latter, which primarily deals with concentrate will be handled in bulk quantities as tanker ships, conventional cargo vessels, railway tanker wagons, road tankers and drums are used to export the produce to Europe and South America as well as several U.S. territories. The NFCs are filled in consumer packages while frozen concentrate can be stored in aseptic bag-in-box containers.

How to transport oranges in a packhouse?

Once the right fruits have been picked and cleaned, they should be loaded onto the farming transport vehicle and taken to the packhouse. For the best results, it’s best to use cardboard crates that can be unloaded quickly. Meanwhile, it’s important to avoid overpacking the boxes for weight purposes as well as blocking the air circulation. The vehicle should offer shade to keep the temperature down. As soon as the oranges and fruits are in the packhouse, quick cooling processes ensure freshness while also supporting the subsequent freight transport processes.

What are oranges packaged in?

Once harvested in the correct manner, oranges and citrus fruits are usually packaged using net bags, corrugated board crates, wooden crates, standard boxes, half boxes, and wire-bound boxes.

What is Florida known for?

Florida is well known for producing large quantities of various citrus fruits. Still, it is most synonymous with oranges. In fact, studies show that 74% of oranges and 67% of all citrus fruits in the U.S. are grown in Florida alone. The industry forms a significant part of the state’s economy.

Why do you put packing paper around oranges?

Place packing paper around the oranges, to prevent shifting and bruising during shipping.

What college did Gagnon go to?

Gagnon graduated from Gordon College with a Bachelor of Science in English and education. She then attended Salem State College and completed a master’s degree in teaching English as a second language. eHow may earn compensation through affiliate links in this story.

What to label dry ice in a box?

Mark your box "fragile" or "perishable" and label it "dry ice," if you have included dry ice in your package.

Can you ship oranges to the US?

Fresh oranges make a delicious and healthy gift or memento from a sunny vacation. Fruit can be shipped within the United States through the United States Postal Service or other shippers that provide package-delivery services. With the proper packaging and shipping methods — and the proper choice of oranges — your package should arrive at the recipient’s door tasting fresh.

What is a blender house?

Blending houses supply concentrates (and NFC products) of defined and consistent quality to juice packers. A wide range of raw materials is used to prepare the concentrates and bases, often made to customer-specific recipes.

What is the viscosity of 65°BX juice concentrate?

At the TASTE evaporator outlet, viscosity of 65°Bx concentrate is in the range of 300 cps. It increases more than 20- fold (to 6,000-7,000 cps) inside the bulk tanks at typical storage temperatures. This necessitates correct design calculations for pumps and transfer lines (the latter are commonly 6 inches or larger).

Why do engineers need to take special care when designing FCOJ transfer pumps?

Moreover, engineers must take special care when designing FCOJ transfer pumps because the available suction pressure (net pressure suction head or NPSH) is low during the final step of emptying storage tanks. Choosing appropriate pump types and and calculating pressure losses correctly are crucial for successful operation.

How to ship FCOJ?

Two common ways of shipping FCOJ in drums are as “break bulk” and in freight containers. For “frozen break bulk”, the drums are loaded individually into a refrigerated compartment ? . in the vessel. Alternatively, drums (often on pallets) are put into “refrigerated containers” (reefers) that are loaded into the ship.

What is an aseptic bag?

Aseptic bags are multilayer plastic bags with a barrier layer – normally aluminium foil – to minimize oxygen ingress during storage and transportation. The bags require an outer support, usually a bin made of wood or cardboard. Wooden bins are collapsible and returned for reuse (see Figure 6.2 ). Cardboard bins are normally used only one-way.

Where are FCOJ terminals located?

Dedicated terminals for bulk FCOJ are found in Brazil and in major juice-importing regions. Some terminals now have facilities to handle bulk NFC under aseptic conditions. Products in storage tanks are held under nitrogen atmosphere to protect them from oxygen. The complex terminal operation is controlled by a modern automation system.

Why is asepticity important in NFC?

Whether chilled or ambient conditions are used, asepticity must be maintained throughout the transport chain because reinfection of an individual bag may cause the bag to blow. Thus, the good handling procedures in common practice today must be followed closely.

What is the color of oranges?

The orange shape varies from spherical to oblong and ranges from seedless (0 to 6 seeds) to seeded (> 6 seeds). Peel color at maturity ranges from light to deep orange but may remain green under warm conditions.#N#Late season ‘Valencia’ oranges may turn from orange to green (re-green) under warm conditions.#N#Sweet oranges are generally classified into one of four groups: 1) round oranges like ‘Valencia,’ ‘Hamlin,’ ‘Pineapple’ and ‘Shamouti’; 2) navel oranges like ‘Washington Navel’; 3) blood or pigmented oranges like ‘Moro’ and ‘Tarocco’; and 4) acidless oranges like ‘Succari.’ The fruit can also be divided into early, middle and late ripening varieties.#N#Like all other citrus fruits, oranges are non-climacteric with no postharvest ripening phase.#N#A high quality orange is mature, with good color intensity that is uniformly distributed over the surface. Fruit must be firm with a fairly smooth texture and shape that is characteristic of the variety. Grade standards for sweet oranges are based on maturity, color intensity and uniformity, firmness, shape, size, smoothness, freedom from decay, as well as freedom from defects (bruises and abrasions), insects, fungal attack (eg., cake melanose), growth cracks, chemical burns, and physiological disorders.

What are the factors that affect the development of citrus?

The development and severity of chilling injury in citrus is influenced by both pre-harvest and postharvest factors. Pre-harvest factors include cultivar, weather conditions , and even location of fruit on the tree (sun-exposed fruit are more susceptible to chilling injury).

How long can you keep oranges?

Oranges can be stored for up to 12 weeks under optimum storage conditions. Ultimate storage-life depends on cultivar, maturity, pre-harvest conditions, and postharvest handling. Oranges begin to freeze in storage at about -1 °C. During storage, fruit should be inspected often for signs of decay or disorders.

How long does it take for a chilling injury to develop?

Symptoms of chilling injury include pitting, brown staining, increased decay, internal discoloration, off-flavors, and watery breakdown that may take 60 days to develop at 5 °C or become evident 1 to 2 days after moving to room temperature.

What are the standards for sweet oranges?

Grade standards for sweet oranges are based on maturity, color intensity and uniformity, firmness, shape, size, smoothness, freedom from decay, as well as freedom from defects (bruises and abrasions), insects, fungal attack (eg., cake melanose), growth cracks, chemical burns, and physiological disorders.

What happens when fruit is refrigerated?

Excessively rapid warming of refrigerated fruit results in condensation and spoilage. Levels of respiratory gases which promote ripening, such as ethylene as well as carbon dioxide, should be kept as low as possible. If ventilation is inadequate, storage damage, such as a bitter flavour and peel scab, may occur.

Why is it important to cool citrus?

Rapid (pre-)cooling is often neglected in many citrus packinghouses, but should be seriously considered as a means of improving fruit quality at destination markets. Cooling reduces respiration, slows pathogen growth, reduces water loss and increases shelf-life.

How long do pallet bins last?

It is also important that stress points be adequately reinforced. The average life of a hardwood pallet bin that is stored outside is approximately five years. When properly protected from the weather, pallets bins may have a useful life of 10 years or more.

Why are produce containers needed?

Produce containers must be sturdy enough to resist damage during packaging, storage, and transportation to market. Because almost all produce packages are palletized, produce containers should have sufficient stacking strength to resist crushing in a low temperature, high humidity environment.

How many packages can a pallet hold?

Depending on the size of produce package, a single pallet may carry from 20 to over 100 individual packages. Because these packages are often loosely stacked to allow for air circulation, or are bulging and difficult to stack evenly, they must be secured (unitized) to prevent shifting during handling and transit. Although widely used, plastic straps and tapes may not have completely satisfactory results. Plastic or paper corner tabs should always be used to prevent the straps from crushing the corners of packages.

What is a UPC on a label?

Universal Product Codes (UPC or bar codes) may be included as part of the labeling. The UPCs used in the food industry consist of a ten-digit machine readable code. The first five digits are a number assigned to the specific producer (packer or shipper) and the second five digits represent specific product information such as type of produce and size of package. Although no price information is included, UPCs are used more and more by packers, shippers, buyers, and retailers as a fast and convenient method of inventory control and cost accounting. Efficient use of UPCs requires coordination with everyone who handles the package.

Why are fruit and vegetables rejected?

Damage resulting from poor environmental control during handling and transit is one of the leading causes of rejected produce and low buyer and consumer satisfaction. Each fresh fruit and vegetable commodity has its own requirements for temperature, humidity, and environmental gas composition. Produce containers should be produce friendly – helping to maintain an optimum environment for the longest shelf life. This may include special materials to slow the loss of water from the produce, insulation materials to keep out the heat, or engineered plastic liners that maintain a favorable mix of oxygen and carbon dioxide.

What are small produce items?

Small produce items that are spherical or oblong (such as potatoes, onions, and apples) may be packaged efficiently utilizing a variety of different package shapes and sizes. However, many produce items such as asparagus, berries, or soft fruit may require containers specially designed for that item.

Why do produce packages need to be sturdy?

Produce containers must be sturdy enough to resist damage during packaging, storage, and transportation to market.

When are Cuties in Season?

Cuties are sold and available year-round. There is an approximate six month Cuties harvesting and packing window between November and April when Cuties are available in California. The Clementine mandarins are available during the first half of the season and the W. Murcott mandarins are available during the second half of the season.

How are Mandarins Harvested?

Mandarins are harvested using clippers. During the Cuties harvest, they use special clippers that att ach to the inside portion of the harvesters’ hand . The mandarins are placed into harvesting bags wor n by the harvesters and then are gently dropped into plastic bins. They position the bins throughout specific rows in the orchard, so that the harvesters have a centralized point to return to as they progress through the orchard. Once the bins are full (with up to 4,800 mandarins per bin), they are stacked and are transported to the packinghouse.

How long does it take for Mandarins to ripen?

As mandarins are non-climacteric fruit and will not continue ripening after harvest, they are fresher when they arrive to the customer (estimated to be no longer than 7 days after harvest), and they spend less time in storage.

What is machine pack?

Machine Pack – The Cuties are transported to a machine that packs the red bags with the blue Cuties label that you are probably used to seeing in the grocery store. The bags are then transported on a conveyor line to be hand packed into boxes and palletized.

What is a black light room?

In order to combat this, it is common practice to have a “black light room,” where UV lights detect decay during the initial steps on the packing line, and workers are able to cull the decayed fruit. This was also the case at the Cuties packinghouse, where there were two separate black light rooms.

What is a hand sort?

Hand Sort – The Cuties are hand sorted to remove any fruit with defects, mold or green color. Black Light Room – The fruit passes through a second black light room to ensure that all moldy fruit is disposed of prior to packing. Machine Sort – The Cuties are mechanically sized, sorted by color, labeled, and transported to …

Why are the cuteies hand sorted?

Hand Sort – The Cuties are hand sorted to remove any fruit with defects, mold or green color.

Why is produce considered sensitive freight?

Produce is sensitive freight due to the varying items and the individual shelf life timelines. The same applies when you are learning how to transport ice cream. If shippers or trucking companies fail to use guidelines, the fast-paced process of transporting items grows riskier.

How cold do you ship flowers?

On average florals need to ship in a refrigerated trailer at between 34-39 degrees. While that might be a little frigid for some produce varieties, it is a good range for others. Like produce, florals require special handling because of the delicate petals.

Why is shipping produce so fast?

Shipping fresh produce is a high-paced industry because of the effort it takes to make deliveries within a short timeframe. There is a lot to coordinate to make sure everything shows fresh and ready for consumers. If a shipment pickup time or delivery schedule is late, it means a day or more of freshness is lost.

How much did organic produce make in 2017?

According to the Organic Trade Association, organic fruits and vegetables generated $16.5 billion in sales in 2017, with all but $1.65 billion coming from fresh produce.

What temperature should produce be transported to?

Suggested temperatures for transporting produce range from freezing at 32 degrees to as high as 50-60 degrees depending on the item . The bill of lading with each shipment should detail the exact temperature required for the trailer. Drivers should be aware of the type of produce and keep a close eye on gauges to avoid any problems during transit. The driver can adjust temperatures as needed.

Why is transporting produce so difficult?

Transporting produce can present a challenge because of temperatures that are maintained during the cold chain logistics process. The fragile nature of fruits and vegetables is a major part to consider whenever goods are loaded for shipment. Remember this is not one temperature fits all.

How long does sensitive produce last?

The industry deems sensitive produce, with a short shelf life of a day or two, as light density. Next, produce that lasts 4 to 6 days is medium density. The heartier produce crops, those with a long shelf life in excess of a week rank in the high-density category.

Why do bananas need a container?

Bananas need a special type of container for shipment as they are highly delicate to temperature. Therefore, each banana container must be climate controlled with the optimal temperature to maintain. the fruit from ripening to quickly and getting damaged. This allows bananas to get transported for weeks.

How long does it take for bananas to ripen before shipping?

Back. at the plantations, bananas must be harvested green and unripened which opens a window of about 3. to 4 weeks before they ripen, giving plenty of room for them to reach their intended destination. Once.

What is the purpose of banana inspection?

the bananas inside of it. The inspection that takes place consists of temperature checks, peeling a. banana to check its inside state, inspecting the flesh color, and the texture.

How long does it take for bananas to reach their destination?

over the world means some countries receive the fruit days after being picked and in other cases it takes. weeks for the fruit to reach their country of destination. The question now stands, how are producers. able to maintain a banana in perfect condition and control its ripening.

What is the fourth most traded agricultural product?

fourth most traded agricultural product. As a staple and highly important consumer product, banana. producers must make sure to maintain a constant and careful production line to keep the fruit from.

Why are containers inspected at the port?

Containers are then inspected at the port to make sure the contents and conditions are up to the. standards, and if every condition is met, they are then sealed ready to be placed in the ship. In most cases, if a problem arises during the sea transport that can be attributed to the shipping.

Where are bananas taken from?

harvested bananas are taken from the plantation to the processing plant where they are cut into. bunches according to the needed specification, washed thoroughly, and boxed up ready to be shipped in. containers. The banana boxes are then packed into shipping containers which are then transported to. the departure port.