[tp widget="default/tpw_default.php"]

what is drop test in packaging

what is drop test in packaging

what is drop test in packaging插图

Pre-shipment test
A product packaging drop-test is apre-shipment testwhere the goods are packed as if they would be for shipment. The package is then dropped on every corner and side of the carton. The carton is opened and checked as to how the packaging and the product withstood the freefall drops.

What is product packaging drop-test?

A product packaging drop-test is a pre-shipment test where the goods are packed as if they would be for shipment. The package is then dropped on every corner and side of the carton. The carton is opened and checked as to how the packaging and the product withstood the freefall drops.

What is a DropDrop test?

Drop tests take place in a controlled environment where the dropping of a package is simulated. Holding the package at a selected drop height (typically 100-450 mm) — a decision based on the dimensions and weight of the package, as well as the packaged product(s) inside — a quality inspector will drop the package a series of times.

What is a carton drop test and why is it important?

A carton drop test is most valuable when done on your first shipment and it can be performed as part of any pre-shipment inspection. By including it in your pre-shipment inspection, you can help ensure that the cartons you use are less likely to rupture and cause damage to your products and packaging.

What is the difference between drop testing and shock testing?

These tests are much less common and aren’t done by the average importer. They require the use of specialized equipment such as a shock test machine, incline impact tester and horizontal impact test system. Drop tests, on the other hand, are fairly common.

What is a Product Packing Droptest?

A product packing drop-test is a test where the goods are packed as they will be for shipment and then the shipment carton is dropped on each corner and side of the package to see how the product and packing can withstand normal shipment handling.

How to do ISTA drop test?

In the ISTA drop test, they use the weight of the package and then drop it from so many inches or centimeters from the ground. The first thing you need to do is weigh the package to determine what height it must be dropped from. This weight will be the gross weight or the weight of the package including all the packing materials.

What is a freefall drop test?

Freefall drop test – The freefall drop-test is a machine that stimulates the dropping of the package on all sides and corners in a free-fall manner. This is similar to the drop-test I outlined above.

How far does a package have to fall to pass the drop test?

For example, a package that weight 100 pounds would need to be dropped from 12” or 30.48 cm from the ground to pass the drop-test. A package that is 20 pounds would have a free-fall drop of 30 inches or 76.20 cm from the ground.

What is a drop on a manufacturer’s joint?

Drop on Manufacturer’s Joint – You should also drop the carton on any manufacturer’s joint. The manufacturer’s joint is where the carton was put together. This can be a weak spot if the carton is not strong enough.

What is a drop test in packaging?

A product packaging drop-test is a pre-shipment test where the goods are packed as if they would be for shipment. The package is then dropped on every corner and side of the carton. The carton is opened and checked as to how the packaging and the product withstood the freefall drops. A drop-test helps ensure that the product will reach its final …

How to conduct a drop test?

Here are our basic 7 steps that you can follow to conducting a packaging drop-test: Prepare gound – In conducting the drop-test the first thing you need to do is to put something down on the ground so that the packing does not get damaged or dirty.

What is a package drop test?

A package drop test is a simulation of the treatment that a package holding goods may experience during shipping and handling. In a controlled environment, a full package (typically, a carton with the correct item inside) will be dropped in various ways (on corners, edges, and faces, in a certain order) in order to find any weaknesses which can then be addressed.

Do I need to run a drop test?

If you are shipping fragile or high-value products that cannot withstand rough treatment, or your products are likely to be rejected by customers if not in perfect condition, then a carton drop test like this is a good option to request QC inspectors to do.

What else can we do to reduce the risks of damage during transit?

If there is still a residual risk of damage, find other ways to improve product protection. Here is a funny example (courtesy of weirdfacts.org ):

What companies use ISTA standards?

In general, the ISTA series has commonly adhered to standards. Amazon, Sam’s Club, UPS, Fedex, and others all use some form of the ISTA standards when testing packaging.

What is the difference between ASTM and ISTA?

For example, ASTM’s standard is applicable for containers weighing 110 lb (50 kg) or less, whereas the ISTA standard applies to a heavier weight:

How many times can a robot drop a package?

It will be dropped 10 times, in a precise sequence.

What happens if you under protect your products?

If you under-protect your products, the damages that ensue might be quite costly. On the other hand, if you make the packaging very bulky, it might double the volume and the cost of your shipments!

What is drop testing?

Drop testing is one of the many methods used to assess product and packaging durability during the shipping and handling process, and in some cases, throughout a product’s lifetime. During drop testing, a package will be dropped in a controlled setting in different orientations—on corners, edges, and faces — to detect product weaknesses that can then be addressed. There are several different types of drop testing, each examining how a product and/or package responds to different levels of impact. Freefall drop testing, for example, looks at a test sample’s structural integrity after it has been dropped from a certain height and specific orientation (s). A tumble test machine, on the other hand, evaluates the bare product response to a semi-random repeated tumbling or rolling motion, rather than a fall from a substantial height. Westpak can conduct drop testing on a variety of products and packages and onto a variety of surfaces.

What is ASTM D4003?

ASTM D4003 – Horizontal impact testing challenges a product or package’s ability to withstand impacts of a horizontal nature . In the in-use environment, you would see these when a forklift abruptly rams into its target, or when two rail cars carrying freight are connected together, resulting in an impact event.

What is the most commonly referenced drop test?

ASTM D5276 - The most commonly referenced drop test, free fall impacts simulate containers of various sizes being dropped from different heights and orientations. Distribution standards such as ASTM D4169, ASTM D7386, ISTA 3A and ISTA 2A dictate these variables.

Why is impact testing important?

Impact and drop testing allow manufacturers and other stakeholders to glean insight into how their product will fare during the distribution process and beyond. By gathering this information through controlled testing, these parties can make more informed decisions about their product design and packaging. Below, we’ve listed some of the primary advantages of drop testing:

What surface should be used for impact testing?

The impact surface used in testing should comply with the test protocol. For example, if you want to simulate dropping a phone from a kitchen counter, consider a protocol that allows a hardwood or linoleum impact surface.

Can impact testing be done on the same drop height?

Many test procedures perform all of the impacts from the same drop height regardless of orientation. Impact testing isn’t limited to just packages; often, the products themselves need to survive the in-use environment, which can be more severe than the distribution environment.

Is Westpak a certified testing facility?

Testing at Westpak has been accredited by A2LA to comply with ISO 17025.

What is ATS certification?

ATS environmental testing technicians perform all package testing in accordance with our ISO 9001-certified quality assurance program. Earning this recognition means that an ISO-approved auditor attests that our procedures comply with the internationally recognized standard defining effective quality management practices. Maintaining ISO 9001, a famously stringent certification, shows clients that we take performing quality services as a serious matter.

How to verify the effectiveness of a packaging?

While packaging engineers meticulously design their containers with these considerations in mind, the only way to verify the effectiveness of their specifications is performance testing. The packaging industry sends samples to third-party testing providers like ATS to determine whether their designs are suitably durable to withstand the rigors of the shipping process.

What is a drop test for packaging?

The aptly named package drop test entails subjecting the sample to a fall. One of the least forgiving package tests, technicians use this method to determine the physical durability of the packaging and profile its ability to shield contents from damage. They use a free-fall drop tester in accordance with the pertinent test standard to ensure standardized, reproducible results. Technicians check the sample and its contents for signs of damage after the test, noting whether its performance passed or failed expectations according to the relevant specifications.

Why is it important to ensure both the contents and the display remain safe and unblemished on their way to the?

Ensuring both the contents and the display remain safe and unblemished on their way to the point of purchase are paramount to sales — not only will consumers not buy damaged products, but many will not buy an intact product if its primary or secondary packaging is damaged.

What is applied technical services?

Applied Technical Services performs the package drop test for clients who need to verify the durability of their shipping materials. When products leave the manufacturer, they go through several phases of shipment before they finally make it into the consumer’s hands. This transit process necessitates the packaging to ensure that the product arrives at its destination in the same perfect condition in which it left the assembly line.

Why do they use a free fall drop tester?

They use a free-fall drop tester in accordance with the pertinent test standard to ensure standardized, reproducible results. Technicians check the sample and its contents for signs of damage after the test, noting whether its performance passed or failed expectations according to the relevant specifications.

Is a fall a physical trauma?

Of the sources of physical trauma that a package could encounter during shipment, a fall represents one of the most harmful. A person dropping cargo, either accidentally or carelessly, can damage either the container (an aesthetic concern in the case of primary or secondary packaging) or the contents (a practical concern in the case of all types of packaging). ATS simulates this event in testing to characterize how well a sample survives it.

Why do carton drop tests exist?

Carton strength is an important consideration that importers sometimes overlook. It is essential to ensure that your master cartons can withstand being dropped multiple times and from different angles. This is essentially what a carton drop test works to simulate. Here are 7 things you need to know about carton …

How many edges does a carton have in a drop test?

When performing a drop test, the carton is dropped on its most fragile corner, three of its edges, and six of its faces. In the diagram below, you can see how the faces, edges, and corner are identified.

Why do you need to use high burst strength cartons?

By using high-burst-strength cartons capable of passing a drop test, you can be more confident that your products will make it to the country of importation unharmed.

How high should a carton be dropped?

Drop height is determined based on the weight of a carton. A carton that weighs less than 21 lbs (10 kgs) will be dropped from a height of 30 inches ( 760 mm), while a carton weighing 100 lbs (45 kgs) will be dropped from a height of 8 inches (200 mm).

What does it mean when a drop test fails?

The drop test is failed if any of the following is found. Damage to the export carton. Damage to the product packages inside. Scratches, dents, or other damage to products. The products are not functioning as expected. If your cartons fail the test, it essentially means that they are not strong enough.

What is ISTA in transportation?

The International Safe Transit Association ( ISTA) is, according to their website, “an organization focused on the specific concerns of transport packaging.”

Why is it important to make products overseas?

When you are manufacturing products overseas, it is important to take all possible steps to ensure product quality. More than that, you have to ensure that your products survive the journey from the factory to the port and then across the ocean to you.

What is the best packaging material for shipping?

Suitable packaging materials: corrugated cardboard boxes or shipping cartons, particularly those that will be stacked on pallets for shipment

Why is shipping by air important?

Shipping by air will expose your packaging and products to higher altitudes and air pressures. Shipping by sea might expose your products to water damage if packaging materials aren’t adequately sealed.

Why do factories stack shipping cartons?

Stacking of shipping cartons is common in factories and warehouses for the storage, shipping and distribution of orders . Sometimes a factory might have limited storage space available and they might improperly stack too many boxes on top of each other to conserve space.

Why is packaging testing important?

But another important role of packaging testing for importers is ensuring compliance to legal regulations. Failing to comply with legal regulations for packaging can put your brand at risk for a number of monetary fines, lawsuits and other liability issues.

How many drops can you test for in a carton?

While there are standards for how to orient the carton for a series of nine drops, manual packaging testing still cannot provide statistical accuracy of an exactly perpendicular drop with the dropping surface. A machine can determine an exact 90 degree drop from the corner of the shipping carton and the dropping surface, while a human might drop the carton at a 92- or 95-degree drop.

What is the compression strength of a box?

A finished box’s compression strength is defined by the amount of force needed to crush a section of cardboard when standing on its edge. During this test, a load is applied to the edge of a small sample of the packaging material when standing on its end until it collapses.

How long does a packaging test take?

During a climate conditioning test, the packaging material is placed and kept within a specified climatic atmosphere chamber for a length of time, often 72 hours, to reveal any changes in the physical properties of the material.

What are the three packing groups for hazardous goods?

The UN Committee assigned all dangerous goods to one of three Packing Groups: Packing Group I – High danger . Packing Group II – Medium danger. Packing Group III – Low danger.

What is the purpose of a packing group test?

The purpose of the tests is to approve a design to the Packing Group level of performance. The objective is a design that, when filled and closed for shipment, will consistently perform at that level. The tests are not intended to represent all transport conditions, but are rather a supplement to an overall design process that must take into account the particular application of the packaging.

What is UN certification?

The UN performance tests are based on the degree of hazard posed by the proposed materials to be packaged which are also assigned to a specific Packing Group. The severity of the tests varies according to the Packing Group.

How long does it take to test a container for leakproof?

The test is conducted for a minimum of five minutes with the following pressures applied per Packing Group:

How long does a packaging test take?

The minimum height of the stack, including the test sample, must be 3.0 m (10 feet). The duration of the test lasts 24 hours (note that duration is 28 days for plastic drums, jerricans, and composite packaging 6HH1 and 6HH2 intended for liquids) and is performed at a temperature of not less than 40C (104F).

Why do we need a liquid leak test?

The purpose of the test is to ensure that no leakage of liquid occurs due to vapor pressure build-up at various temperatures. Because certain chemicals can emit a vapor that increases as the temperature changes, packages must be built to withstand the internal pressure that is created. An example of this might be gasoline. As the temperature rises, gasoline vapors expand, thus creating an internal pressure on the container.

What does it mean when packaging passes the air test?

Packaging passes the test if there is no leakage of air from the packaging.