CODEX Alimentarius Commission
South African food regulations are aligned withCODEX Alimentarius Commissionguidelines. The Foodstuffs,Disinfectants and Cosmetics Act (FDCA) 54 of 1972,updated in 2009,controls the sale,manufacture,importation and exportation of foodstuffs (including food packaging),cosmetics,and disinfectants.
What is the framework regulation for food contact materials?
The Framework Regulation  governs all food contacts materials in the EU, including containers for transporting food, machinery to process food, and housewares. It also establishes safety standards and authorizes the European Commission (EC) to adopt measures for specific food contact materials or substances.
Which countries have positive lists in food packaging regulations?
Following are some of the jurisdiction that incorporate (or are in the process of incorporating) positive lists in their food packaging regulations. MERCOSUR (Mercado Comn Del Sur or the Common Market of the South) is the largest trading bloc in South America, with Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay, and Venezuela as members.
What is the packaging industry in South Africa?
The Packaging Industry in South Africa is segmented by Packaging Material (Plastic, Metal, Glass), Product (Bottles, Cans, Jars, Pouches), and Industry Verticals (Food and Beverage, Personal Care, Home Care, Healthcare). Home Industry Reports Packaging Packaging Industry in South Africa – Growth, Trends, COVID-19 Impact, and Foreca …
What are the regulations for food packaging polymerization?
These substances need to be integral to the polymerization process, used in small quantities, washed out or become a part of the polymer backbone, and not affect the suitable purity of the polymer. One final feature of food packaging regulation in the U.S. that should be mention is the so-called “housewares exemption.”
What is the FCD Act?
The FCD Act is considered to be a reactive act which means that approved and acceptable sources are taken in to account to provide the information on safety of foodstuffs for regulatory purposes. Such sources include: Codex Alimentarius standards and guidelines.
What does Daff regulate?
DAFF regulates safety and quality of agriculture and animal products in terms of several acts of parliament
What is the name of the act that set out the requirements for registration of pesticides and stock remedies?
The Fertilizers, Farm Feed, Agricultural Remedies and Stock Remedies Act, 26 of 1947, which set out regulatory requirements for registration of pesticides and stock remedies. The Medicines and Related Substances Control Act 65 of 1963, which sets out regulatory requirements for registration of veterinary medicines.
What is the FLAG in food regulation?
In order to advise government, the Food Legislation Advisory Group (FLAG) was established. FLAG is comprised of academics, scientists, consumers and representatives …
What is the meat safety act?
Meat Safety Act, 2000 (Act No.40 of 2000) Performing Animals Protection Act, 1935 (Act No. 24 of 1935) Veterinary and Para-Veterinary Professions Act, 1982 (Act No. 19 of 1982) the Liquor Products Act, 1989 (Act 60 of 1989) The National Department of Health requires that all foodstuffs shall be safe for human consumption in terms of the Foodstuffs, …
What is food legislation?
Food legislation is based on the presumption of safety. Where a substance is not naturally present in a food e.g. an additive or contaminant, maximum limits are laid down which in many cases are those determined by Codex Alimentarius.
What is the Genetically Modified Organisms Act?
The Genetically Modified Organisms Act 15 of 1997, which sets out regulatory requirements for foods from genetic ally modified organisms. The abovementioned Acts are pro-active, which means that government approval must be obtained for the release of a product on the market.
What is the purpose of the new regulations?
The new Regulations are aimed at, among others, to ensure that consumers are provided with nutritional, compositional and other information related to foodstuffs manufactured, imported and sold in South Africa.
Why do we put "best before" and "sell by" on food labels?
The inclusion of date markings such as ‘best before’; ‘sell by’; and ‘use by’ on the packaging of pre-packaged foodstuffs, to inform consumers of the freshness and suitability status of foodstuffs at the time of purchase.
What is a QUID?
The inclusion of information referred to as: ‘Quantitative Ingredient Declaration’, or QUID, which will ensure that consumers are made aware of the amount of a certain ingredient or ingredients emphasised on the label of a foodstuff, are present therein, for example, a product described on the label as an ‘olive oil spread’, the percentage of olive oil present in the product should be indicated in the list of ingredients. In the case of raw processed meat products such as quick frozen chicken portions to which a brine-based mixture has been added as an ingredient, the percentage of chicken and of the brine-based mixture should be declared on the main panel of the packaging.
How should food be described?
Foodstuffs should be described in such a manner that the information related to the contents and/or composition of a product is indicated in close proximity to the name thereof on the main panel of the packaging in letter sizes as prescribed by the regulations. The description should be legible and the contents should not be misleading and/or aimed at deceiving consumers. This provision relates to for example, products such as quick frozen chicken portions to which a brine-based mixture has been added as an ingredient.
What is the endorsement of weight less?
The approval by the Director-General of the Department of Health of endorsement entities, such as Weigh Less, CANSA, Diabetes SA, etc., to allow industry to include the logos of these entities on the labels of their products, in support of or to promote certain nutritional or diet related characteristics of the products concerned.
When did the new regulations on food labels come into effect?
The new Regulations relating to the labelling and advertising of foodstuffs published by the Minister of Health in terms of the Foodstuffs, Cosmetics and Disinfectants Act, 1972 (Act 54 of 1972), came into effect today, 1 March 2012.
Who enforces the new regulations?
The enforcement of the new Regulations is the responsibility of the Environmental Health Practitioners (EHPs), employed by the Municipal Health Services of the metro and district municipalities.
1. What is the general legislative framework regulating packaging and plastic waste in your jurisdiction?
The National Environmental Management Waste Act of 2008, as amended in 2014 ( Waste Act) is the umbrella legislation for the environment. It is based on the principles and provisions contained in the National Environmental Management Act of 1998 ( NEMA ).
2. Are there any measures, existing or expected, in respect of single-use plastics?
The Extended Producer Responsibility Scheme (see 3. below) will expand the materials that were previously regulated in the various environmental and waste management legislations and its scope will include single-use plastics.
3. Are there any existing or expected producer responsibility schemes in place for packaging or plastics?
The Extended Producer Responsibility Scheme will provide for producer-responsibility schemes in relation to various products, including packaging or plastics. In particular, the Extended Producer Responsibility Scheme:
5. Are there any existing or expected taxes on packaging or plastics?
A plastic bag levy was introduced in South Africa around June 2004, at a rate of ZAR 0.03 a bag on certain types of plastic shopping bags, with the aim of reducing litter and encouraging plastic bag reuse.
6. Are there any measures, existing or expected, regarding micro-plastics or the use of microbeads in products?
There are no measures regarding microplastics or microbeads. Very little is known about freshwater microplastics and studies on South African marine microplastics are limited but actively being pursued.
7. Are there any existing or expected recycling or waste reduction targets in place for packaging or plastics?
While specific recycling and waste reduction targets have yet to be established for packaging and plastics, the 2020 NWMS establishes waste targets to be met over a period of five years since the 2020 NWMS, and these include the following:
8. Is the use of recycled materials in food packaging regulated?
Currently, the use of recycled materials in food packaging is not yet regulated. Such regulations will be rolled-out upon the implementation of the Extended Producer Responsibility Scheme.
What should suppliers keep in mind when packaging?
Tips for suppliers. When packaging and labeling products, suppliers should keep the following in mind: 1. Ensure that the product labeling is not false or misleading. 2. Include a warning on all packaging in respect of unusual hazards which may be caused as a result of i.e. allergens, additives or colourants. 3.
What words are banned on food labels in South Africa?
Certain words and phrases have been banned from product labels in South Africa, such as “rich in”, “excellent source of”, “enriched with X”, “with added Y, and “contains Z”. Words and phrases that may still be used on product labels include “low”, “free”, “virtually free”, “high”, or “very high”. With food labeling, one must state “contains xx % …
What is the liquor act?
The Liquor Act and Liquor Products Act, setting out requirements for the labelling of alcoholic beverages; and. 4. The South African Bureau of Standards, who have formulated a number of labeling standards which are industry specific, setting out the quality or standards specification marking for different products.
What are some examples of CPA?
Some examples of specific legislation, regulations and standards include: 1. The Foodstuffs Cosmetics and Disinfectants Act and its Regulations, the Food Labelling Regulations …
What is misleading trade description?
The CPA prohibits misleading trade descriptions, which includes any statement made in an advertisement, product label or product packaging, or any display of a supplier which describes the number, quantity, measure, weight or gauge of the goods advertised and/or referred to on the labels or packaging. An example would be that a supplier must not …
What is the purpose of CPA?
The purpose of the CPA is to prevent exploitation or harm to consumers by regulating the way in which businesses interact with consumers, and market their products and services. Product packaging and labeling must not mislead or deceive consumers, or make any representation about a supplier or any goods or services unless there are reasonable grounds for believing that the representation is true.
What information is needed on a food label?
Product labels must contain the following information: Name and complete address of manufacturer/packer, importer, country of origin of the imported food; If food products have been genetically modified (GM) this must be indicated in the label.
Why are small packs important?
With augmented urbanization and mobility becoming the norm or standard in societies in Africa and across the world, the move towards small packs and multipacks is becoming more significant. For manufacturers and makers, this trend will make opportunities to encourage brand switching. Traders will adopt these products as they save shelf space and depend on attractive packaging to encourage and boost sales.
What is responsible packaging management?
In South Africa, responsible packaging management is a deep-rooted and respected practice in the packaging industry. The purpose and resolution of responsible packaging management are to address legal, economic and regulatory concerns connected with container use.
How did the Labelling and Advertising of Foodstuffs Regulations affect the packaging industry?
The implementation and execution of the Labelling and Advertising of Foodstuffs Regulations had the main impact on the packaging industry and the way in which packaging is designed and manufactured. The packaging is a precarious factor influencing the consumer’s purchasing decisions.
Why is recycling important?
The requirement of looking after the environment has led to the development and growth of the recycling and reconditioning industries as they process old packaging materials into fresh materials in an environmentally welcoming and friendly manner.
Why do traders adopt these products?
Traders will adopt these products as they save shelf space and depend on attractive packaging to encourage and boost sales. Speedy urbanization and better health awareness have also seen an increase in the consumption of food and beverage products, as well as alcoholic and non-alcoholic drinks.
What is packaging in a circular economy?
The packaging is a portion of the multi-faceted system for providing products from the point of manufacture to the point of consumption. Its principal purpose is to guard the product and ensure it is delivered safely and securely and in flawless and perfect condition to the end user (manufacturer of product or consumer). Its role in a circular economy is to sustain the value in a product for as long as required and to help remove product waste. It is a sector ripe for future and upcoming innovation.
Why is home care growing in South Africa?
In recent years, the home care products market in South Africa has witnessed a lot of growth due to the increasing preference among individuals to lead a healthier lifestyle. Demand for home care products has been on an upward trend especially as the consumers, with growing health awareness, tend to avoid expensive medical care costs.
How do food additives get cleared?
The Food Additives Amendments of 1958 included a process to petition FDA to allow the use of an additive in food by way of the issuance of a “Food Additive Regulation.” The food additives petition process involves clearing food additives (including food packaging materials that meet the definition of a food additive) through a notice and comment rulemaking process. A food additive petition requires detailed information about the identity and composition of the substance of interest and a description of how it is made, in addition to information on its intended use—such as food types, temperature conditions, and duration of contact with food—and chemistry and toxicology data supporting the safety of that food additive for the intended use. Once a food additive is cleared through this process, FDA publishes a regulation.  These clearances are generic and can be relied on by anyone as long as any limitations and specifications listed in the regulation are met.
How long does it take for a food contact notification to be effective?
 Since its inception, it has become the preferred method for clearing food contact substances. A major advantage of the FCN program over the food additive petition process is expediency. While it can take two to four years or more to clear the use of a food additive through the petition process, a FCN becomes effective in 120 days from the time FDA accepts the notification, unless the agency objects in writing. Another major difference between FCNs and food additive regulations is that FCNs are proprietary to the manufacturer of the substance and its customers.
How long does it take for a food additive to be approved?
A major advantage of the FCN program over the food additive petition process is expediency. While it can take two to four years or more to clear the use of a food additive through the petition process, a FCN becomes effective in 120 days from the time FDA accepts the notification, unless the agency objects in writing.
Why is FDA concerned about food packaging?
Some of the concern stems from advances in technology and the need for FDA to review some of the decisions it made prior to those advances , but it is also due to attacks by environmental groups and other self-defined “public interest” organizations on the safety of food packaging materials. One example is perfluroinated substances.
What is the first sanctioned substance exception?
The first is commonly referred to as the “prior sanctioned” substance exception. Prior to 1958, some companies that manufactured food packaging materials would inquire with FDA or the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) whether it would have an objection to the use of a particular material to package food.
What are the requirements for food packaging?
But let’s start with the basics. Most food packaging regulatory systems include general safety requirements that are intended to preserve the physical, chemical, and sanitary integrity of the contents of food packages. These requirements generally prohibit the transfer of substances from the packaging to the food that may be deleterious …
When did the FDA change the food additives regulations?
FDA eventually adopted a rule that in a way addressed this issue. In 1995 , the agency amended the food additives regulations to formally establish a process for determining when the migration of a food contact substance to food is “so trivial as not to require regulation of the substance as a food additive.”.